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CHAPTER FOUR: What is theory?


When Freud wrote himself into a corner he would engage a literary trope. It would go something like “if you believe what I have been arguing up till now you will have been following the wrong line of thought.” Then off he would go on his merry way leaving many a reader flummoxed over why so much time had been spent thinking incorrect ideas. Freud's writing simply demonstrated his view that we think free associatively Typically he followed not just one line of thought but scores of “chains of ideas”—a term he often used, like “trains of thought”. When these lines of thought were in outright contradiction with one another, Freud would engage the above trope or claim he was stuck and defer the issue until later.

I find a particular moment in The Ego and the Id (1923b) touching. Writing about the repressed unconscious, Freud is about to finish up Chapter One when a thought pops into his mind. Not only are the repressed contents unconscious but so, too, is the agency that commits them to the unconscious. He pauses. He states that it would seem that he has several different theories of the unconscious. For a moment he turns to God to see if the issue can be resolved: “A part of the ego too—and Heaven knows how important a part—may be Ucs., undoubtedly is Ucs” (ibid., p. 9). Freud lapses into a very brief literary depression, implicitly wondering if he should scrap his entire theory of the unconscious—”we must admit that the characteristics of being unconscious begins to lose significance” (ibid.) —but finishes the chapter with a nod to the future and the hope that somehow this problem can be resolved.

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The HTML Document

Finally, it’s worth noting that HTML gives you many more complex ways to nest tags. For example, you can nest one tag inside another, and then nest another tag inside that one, and so on, indefinitely. Just to give you some ideas, consider the following example, which uses a combination of italic, bold, and underline formatting with the , , and tags.



The easiest way to confuse a Web surfer is with too much


If you follow through all the tags, you’ll discover that this example produces the following dizzying line of text:

The easiest way to confuse a Web surfer is with too much formatting.

To break down complex snippets of HTML like this, it’s often handy to use a tree model. You’ll use the tree model later in this chapter to analyze a complete HTML document.

Tip: If you’re a graphic-design type, you’re probably itching to get your hands on more powerful formatting tags to change alignment, spacing, and fonts. Unfortunately, in the Web world you can’t always control everything you want. Chapter 5 has the lowdown, and Chapter 6 introduces the best solution (style sheets).

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Newfoundland & Labrador

Newfoundland & Labrador

Canadas easternmost province floats in a world of its own. Blue icebergs drift by. Puffins flap along the coast. Whales spout close to shore. The island even ticks in its own offbeat time zone (a half-hour ahead of the mainland) and speaks its own dialect (the Dictionary of Newfoundland English provides translation, me old cock).

Outside of the good-time capital St Johns, its mostly wee fishing villages that freckle the coast, some so isolated theyre reached only by boat. They offer plenty of hiking and kayaking escapes where it will just be you, the local family whos putting you up for the night and the lonely howl of the wind.

If youre looking to get off the beaten path to see Viking vestiges, eat meals of cod tongue and partridgeberry pie, and share fish tales over shots of rum set a course for this remote hunk of rock.

Jun Icebergs glisten offshore, though the weather can be wet and foggy.

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3 Stand with Self-Awareness

The existence of limiting beliefs and thoughts is good news. It means that reality, as we experience it when we are stressed or angry or stuck, is more malleable than it often feels.

—Caitlin M. Frost
Facilitator and Coach,
Harvest Moon Consultants

AS FIRE TENDERS, HOW DO WE AVOID being swept away in the heat of a group? More accurately, how do we minimize the heat we create for ourselves when interactions in the group become intense or personal? This chapter is based on a simple premise: Self-awareness is the foundation for wise action. The better observers we become of our mental, emotional, and physical states, the more mindful our responses will be when we are standing in the fire. In other words, the more intimately we can come to know our emotional hot buttons, the better we are able to act from choice rather than impulse. The more we recognize our habitual and ego-driven ways of thinking, the more likely we are to speak and act in ways that serve the group.

The better observers we become of our mental, emotional, and physical states, the more mindful our responses will be when we are standing in the fire

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Part 3. Rehearsing a World Premiere, March–April 2010

Rehearsing a World Premiere



ehearsals for the Dallas Moby-Dick began on Monday, March 29, and concluded on Wednesday, April

28. All rehearsals for Week 1 were at the KRPC Rehearsal Center. After the stage of the Winspear Opera House was loaded at the beginning of Week 2, rehearsals took place in

both venues, sometimes at the same time. At the end of Week 3 the “Sitz-

probe” rehearsal brought all the musical forces together for the first time.

Three successive rehearsals at the beginning of Week 5—the Piano Tech, the First Orchestral Dress, and the Final Orchestral Dress—preceded the world premiere performance on Friday, April 30.

“Page to Stage” Preview

On March 26 and 27, three “Page to Stage” panel discussions at Southern

Methodist University introduced the Moby-Dick opera to the city of Dallas. The first panel featured Duncan Osborne, an Austin lawyer who is

Herman Melville’s great-great-grandson, and T. Walter Herbert, a Melville scholar from Southwestern University. In the second panel Heggie

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Robert Rauschenberg (1925)


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